This post was co-written by Curataâ€™s CMO, Michael Gerard.
Being in charge of content marketing can feel like youâ€™re trying to simultaneously conduct an orchestra, host a wedding and put on a broadway show. A documented content strategy is vital to keeping it all together. In fact, accordingÂ to the 2015 CMI/MarketingProfs B2B Marketing Benchmark report, marketers that have a documented strategy are more effective than those who do not document their strategy.
Enter Curataâ€™s Content Marketing Pyramidâ„˘, a strategic framework that enables the execution of a content campaign, assuring optimal content consumption, reuse and reach.
This hands-on guideÂ teaches you what the Content Marketing Pyramid is, why it works, and how you can implement it within your organization.
For even more in-depth instructions, download the full eBook on the topic, the Content Marketing Pyramid.
Why Use the Content Marketing Pyramid?
In addition to providing a documented content strategy, the Content Marketing Pyramid:
- Improves your focus with an organized strategy that establishes clear goals and priorities
- Increases your production capacity by making more efficient use of valuable resources
- Creates a predictable stream of successful content to engage your buyers and drive pipeline activity for marketing and sales
Co-Founder and Creative Director, Velocity Partners Â @dougkessler
â€śWhat happens when you create content without strategy? Usually, nothing. Content without strategy is like playing the lottery: who knows, you might win. Probably not. Ready, Fire, Aim!”
According to the 2015 CMI/MarketingProfs Benchmark Study, only 38% of B2B marketers rate the effectiveness of their organizationâ€™s use of content marketing as â€śeffectiveâ€ť or â€śvery effective.â€ť The Content Marketing Pyramid alleviates many headaches fromÂ ineffective content marketing.Â But if you operateÂ without a smart framework it leaves you susceptible to the following consequences:
You may be dealing with departments that operate in silos, a content marketing strategy with no documented objectives and a lack of communication between content creators.
How the Content Marketing Pyramid Can Help: This framework documents, centralizes and coordinates all your content marketing efforts.
A Fractured Customer Experience
Readers experience inconsistent messaging and disconnected touch points. This leads to a lack of brand loyalty and dissatisfaction.
How the Content Marketing Pyramid Can Help: The Content Marketing Pyramid lends itself to cohesive messaging and centralized information.
Co-founder of Crazy Egg, Hello Bar and KISSmetricsÂ @neilpatel
â€śWhen you create content without a strategy you’ll find that you have tons of articles with little to no traffic. Roughly half of your time should be spent on strategy and marketing.â€ťÂ neilpatel.com
Because of the chaos and lack of communication, you’re constantlyÂ reinventing the wheel. Since very little is documented, you mayÂ find yourself recreating similarÂ pieces of content instead of simply reusing or repurposing existing content.
How the Content Marketing Pyramid Can Help: This framework eliminates waste by streamlining the internal development process and ensuring every piece of content performs multiple roles across a variety of formats and channels.
Even if you arenâ€™t experiencing any of the aforementioned consequences, content marketing is only about to get more competitiveâ€”and challenging. Take these stats for example:
Since mostÂ marketers donâ€™t haveÂ an unlimited budget, the best way to competeÂ is to find ways to extend the budget and resources we already have. By implementing a strategic plan, youÂ canÂ create more effective content, enabling you to do more with less.
Start With Overall Strategy
Before we get down to the granular level of a content marketing pyramidâ€”which is used to plan and execute a single content campaignâ€”letâ€™s zoom out a bit. Campaigns are byproducts of a larger strategy. We recommend developing your strategy on an annual basis and updating it quarterly to readjust for any changes in the marketplace or to your business.
Entrepreneur, Author, HubSpot CTO and FounderÂ @dharmesh
â€śA great strategy identifies who the content is being created for, why they’ll find it useful, how it will spread and what the goals are.â€ť
It is important to remember your content marketing strategy is not driven by content: Itâ€™s driven by what you want to achieve with your content. The most successful teams ensure their strategy is in alignment with their organizationâ€™s goals and the goals of their CMO and related teams. Here’s a helpful framework to form your strategy:
Start with the top-level, company goals that are defined by your companyâ€™s leadership team. These serve as the basis of your marketing organizationâ€™s strategic direction.
Examples of top-level corporate objectives include:
- Increase share of mobile market
- Break into new geographic or demographic market
- Displace a competitor
- Establish [company] as a leader in [topic]
After theÂ corporate objectives are in place, set specific marketing themes toÂ support them. Usually there are two to four global themes set by marketing leadership, each one focusing on key concepts, messages, and areas of corporate objectives.
For instance, if a corporate objective is to increase your companyâ€™s share of the mobile market, examples of marketing themes include:
- Empowering the mobile workforce
- Innovations in mobile
- Defining the mobile value proposition for businesses
Once the themes are established, the creation of a content strategy through Content Marketing Pyramids can begin. The next section takes a deep dive into the anatomy and importance of these pyramids.
Professional Speaker, Author, Founder of The Sales Lion Â @TheSalesLion
â€śWhen it comes to content strategy, one of the biggest keys is that everyone in the organization, and not just the marketing department, can actually understand the darn thing. Too often in this space we use “marketing speak”â€”and the reality is marketing speak kills buy-in. It disinterests the Sales Team. It’s uninspiring to the organization as a whole. Words matter, and in this case, they need to be words everyone can get their arms around.â€ť
What is the Content Marketing Pyramid?
A Content Marketing Pyramid is defined as:
The development of content and related assets intended to reinforces common messages/themes through multiple content formats, distribution methods and promotion channels across owned, earned and paid media.
Each pyramid consists of Core Content (the heaviest, most valuable asset, which is based upon thought leadership, primary and/or secondary research) and the corresponding Derivative Assets and Promotional Micro-Content.
Itâ€™s these highly intentional and focused content marketing activities and interactions that help you move the needle on the big goals, from awareness building to lead generation to sales enablement.
The Content Marketing Pyramid: A Structural Overview
The Content Marketing Pyramid is made up of five levels of content, organized into three main parts:
Level 1: Core Content
Core content is substantive, original content that involves research and/or deep insight. Assets are created from this primary research and thought leadership. These can include print books, eBooks and guides that provide an in-depth exploration of the source material.
These assets serve as the source material for the remaining assets in the Pyramid and are often gated. All remaining assets in the pyramid are intended to drive your audience to this core asset and capture a lead.
Best Selling Author, Journalist, Marketing Consultant;Â CEO, Owner Media GroupÂ @chrisbrogan
â€śPeople are suddenly drowning in â€ścontent.â€ť What people need is helpful information that grows their business or life in some way. Great content serves the buyer and gently reminds them that youâ€™re there to help.
Level 2, 3 & 4: Derivative Assets
In the middle of the pyramid are assets derived from Core Content. These take chunks of information from the Core Content to create more focused and precise pieces. They are more accessible and produced in a variety of formats, such as:
- Long form blog posts, presentations, infographics and SlideShares (Level 2 & Level 3)
This content is usually not gated, depending on your lead capture and nurturing strategy. In either case, content from these levels is meant to engage your audienceâ€”and lead them to the gated, Level 1 content.
- Blog posts and contributed content (Level 4)
Level 4 content is typically produced more frequently and in a more routine manner than Level 2 and 3 content. It becomes a part of the weekly, if not daily, content production process andâ€”because of thisâ€”provides a different kind of anchor for your strategy. It is the â€śbread and butterâ€ť element of your content marketing. Blog posts are the most common asset at this level, but contributed content or bylines (i.e. guest posting on other blogs) also falls into this category. Contributed content is key to spreading your message beyond the parameters of your owned media properties, and to ultimately drive outside readers back to your Core Content to generate leads.
DAVID MEERMAN SCOTT
Marketing & Sales Strategist, Best Selling Author, Keynote Speaker Â @dmscott
â€śDon’t create content about your own products and services. Nobody cares about your products and services (except you). What people do care about are themselves and how you can solve their problems. People also like to be entertained and to share in something remarkable. In order to have people talk about you and your ideas, you must resist the urge to hype your products and services. Instead, create something interesting that will be talked about online. When you get people talking on the Web, people will line up to learn more and to buy what you have to offer.â€ť
Level 5: Promotional Micro-Content
Finally, at the base of the Content Marketing Pyramid is promotional and conversational micro-content. Level 5 content helps build awareness for, increase consumption of, and facilitate conversation about all your other content. Level 5 includesÂ social media posts, as well as curated content. For more information on curating content, take a look at our Ultimate Guide to Content Curation.
Here’s a table further clarifying the differences and similarities between each level of the pyramid:
9Â Benefits of the Content Marketing Pyramid
Not convinced yet byÂ the Content Marketing Pyramid? Here are NINE benefits that will optimize the impact of your content marketing efforts, from awareness building to demand generation to sales enablement.
Author, Speaker; Head of Strategy @ King Content Â @ToddWheatland
â€śCreating content without a strategy is like building a house without a blueprint. The living room might be amazing, but it’s awkward when you forget to put in bathrooms.”
1. Unified Content Objectives.
One of the main purposes of the Content Marketing Pyramid is to align all content around corporate objectives and marketingÂ themes. This framework helps share the strategy across all departments so everyone works towards the same goals and uses the same playbook for content creation.
2. Message Repetition
Marketing themes are most effective when they show the buyer a consistent message via multiple touch points. The Content Marketing Pyramid facilitates intentional repetition of key marketing messages across multiple channels.
3. Content Saturation
The most effective content marketing programs extend far beyond owned properties by distributing to earned and paid media channels. This framework allows you to repurpose existing content to fit these specific channels.
4. Format Diversity
While some people in your target audience may prefer learning by reading an in-depth blog post, others may be able to absorb content better via an interactive webinar or a podcast they can listen to on-the-go. This pyramid encourages you to create multiple different content formats.
Author, Blogger, Founder of Moz & Inbound.orgÂ Â @randfish
â€śWhen you have deep empathy for your audience (and their influencers), you can do a great job determining the list of tactics and channels. You’ll also have smart answers to the key question content creators must ask themselves to be successful: “Who will help amplify this? And why?â€ť
5. Flexible Content Creation: Top to Bottom or Bottom to Top
Although the levels are the same across all content pyramids, which level you start fromÂ can vary depending on the specific circumstance. For example, you might begin your pyramid with the development of a cornerstone research study (Level 1 Core Content) that you break down and repurpose into Derivative Assets and Promotional Micro-Content. Alternatively, you might be inspired by some particularly insightful comments on a blog post or conversation on social media and build up from the bottom of the pyramid.
One of Curata’sÂ most successful pyramids began as a long-form blog post and then expanded to cover all levels of the pyramid (The Comprehensive Guide to Content Marketing Analytics & Metrics). Of course, there are pros and cons to both the top-down and bottom-up methods:
6. On-the Fly Content Maneuvers
This framework allows you to take full advantage of unexpected content opportunities, such as newsjacking, event-related content, and jumping into spontaneous industry conversation. These random acts canÂ inspire entirely new pyramids, or could be inserted into existing pyramids.
7. Balanced Content Mix
The Content Marketing Pyramid also makes it easy to adhere to best practices for balancing all the different types of content. Using this framework, you canÂ efficiently plan the right ratio of:
- Created vs. Curated Content (65% created and 25% curated, according to ourÂ study)
- High effort vs. Low effort
- Owned vs. Earned vs. Paid
8. Operational Efficiency
Use this framework to streamline and empower your internal operations by:
- Aligning all your content marketing activities with clear corporate objectives
- Providing both a long-term road map and a short-term operational plan for content development and distribution
- Unifying all your efforts and teams around a central strategy and process
- Reducing lags and inefficiencies in your workflow
- Requiring the identification of clear and measurable goals and objectives
- Giving you a way to assign value to and measure the performance of each piece of content within a campaign
9. The Ultimate Reward of the Pyramid: Pipeline Impact
When you build out your content campaigns according to this framework, you create an upside down funnel that draws people in and drive them up from Level 5 to Level 1. At Level 1 they are asked to provide contact information in exchange for access to key pieces of Core Content. This generates new leads and new opportunities for your sales pipeline.
Content Marketing Blogger, Senior Analyst @ ForresterÂ @rskin11
â€śContent strategy isn’t about each piece of content, but rather the sum of it. For small organizations or those with very charismatic and communicative leaders, a strategy may not even be necessary. But for larger organizations with a lot of forces pulling in different directions, a content strategy brings a higher degree of cohesion, quality, and value to the sum of the output.Â A great content strategy must make clear choicesâ€”this, not that. If you work for a product that’s an impulse buy, you may choose not to put too much effort into your search strategy (because no one searches for it). You will need to limit the number of formats you expect to support to a sane number. These are just examples. ‘More is more’ is not the stuff of a great strategy.â€ť
How to Get Started with the Content Marketing Pyramid
Step 1: Appoint a Leader
Though many people will eventually be involved in the execution of Â pyramids, itâ€™s crucial that a single individual isÂ responsible for the development of the overall strategy. Our recent Content Marketing Tactics & Technology study says that only 43% of companies have a content marketing executive who would likely be a candidate for taking on this critical role; however, this is projected to increase to 60% by the end of 2016.
Step 2: Build Support for the Pyramid Across Your Organization
Once youâ€™ve established a lead, you can solicit support and feedback from the key departments in your organization, such as the CMO, product marketing team, digital marketing group, social media team and overall marketing operations leadership.
Step 3: Establish Your Content Marketing Pyramid Workflow
The Content Marketing Pyramid workflow is a four-part cycle including: Strategy, Production, Distribution and Analytics. Below is aÂ high-level overview of each step. These steps can be completed across multiple applications or through a singleÂ content marketing platform such as Curata CMP.
Author, Speaker & Consultant; CEO, Top Rank MarketingÂ @leeodden
â€śAccording to CMI and MarketingProfs, 68% of B2B marketers do not have a documented content marketing strategy. I would speculate that even fewer are using data to inform their strategy. Data about customers, the market, the company, the competition, search, social, Web analytics, best and worst performing content, SEO and CRO all offer opportunities to inform a more effective content marketing strategy. And don’t get me started about all the data and insights available through predictive marketing platforms like Everstring (a client of ours) and 6sense.Â Lots of people like to gamble. But when it comes to content marketing, guessing rarely leads to great things except unexpected surprises. That’s why the one thing I would use to increase our odds of content marketing greatness isn’t luck. It’s data.â€ť
Operational Metrics: Introducing Pyramid Points
One of the main goals of the Content Marketing Pyramid is to optimize the reuse and repurposing of your content. Why? To ultimately maximize the pipeline impact of your content.
However, determining when and if youâ€™ve created enough derivative content within a pyramid can be difficult. You may be left wondering: is there more I can get out of a specific eBook? To solve this problem, we’ve developed the concept of ‘Pyramid Points’ to track and optimize the execution of your pyramids.
Pyramid points are a set number of points per asset per content level across the pyramid. They are roughly representative of the effort needed to complete the content assets. Using pyramid points ensures you extractÂ the utmost use fromÂ each pyramid, and helps you keep track of the progress or status of each pyramid. Here is how we weight each of our assets:
A typical content marketing pyramid may run for three to sixÂ months. If you start one pyramid a quarter, you mayÂ have up to four pyramids running at once. The pyramid points provided above help you track the extent to which a pyramidâ€™s original content has been repurposed.
This helps you decide which pyramids to allocate resources towards.Â Here is a template and example of how to measure pyramid points and determine the overall progress of your pyramid. (This pyramid is 73% complete, soÂ more resources could be investedÂ in the completion of this pyramid.)
Performance Metrics: Pyramids in Action
Pyramid points aid in the execution of operational metrics. The real excitement begins when you can determine how well your overall pyramid performed.
Based on a framework from The Comprehensive Guide to Content Marketing Analytics & Metrics, you should evaluate your pyramid across three dimensions:
- Top of the Funnel (e.g. social media, page views, retention)
- Middle of the FunnelÂ (e.g. leads generated and touched)
- Bottom of the FunnelÂ (e.g. sales opportunities generated and touched; revenue influenced)
Analyzing the performance of different pyramids can help answer the following types of questions:
- What impact has a pyramid made on your company’s revenue pipeline? Website traffic? Social media efforts?
- Which types of pyramids (and related content) perform well at the top, middle and bottom of the funnel?
- Why is a particular pyramid underperforming (or outperforming) other pyramids?
Tech Blogger, Speaker, Founder of RazorSocialÂ @IanCleary
â€śWhat is the one thing that makes for a great content strategy? Your promotion strategy. There is an ever increasing amount of content out there so without a good promotion strategy your content will not be distributed nearly as effectively. It’s not always the best piece of content that gets the best reach.â€ť
Where to Go From Here
Content marketing is a long-term play withÂ the potential to deliver a substantial return on your investment if you canÂ build a smart strategy and execute against that strategy efficiently. Start by forming your corporate objectives and marketing themes, then take aÂ first stab at planning and executingÂ a Content Marketing Pyramid. We believe it can help take your content marketing practice to the next level, with a sense of confidence and ease you never thought possible.
For an even more in-depth set of instructions, be sure to download the completeÂ 70+ page eBook on the topic, The Content Marketing Pyramid.